How to become a Python developer? Complete Guide
Python is one of the most exciting, and accessible programming languages. It is an object-oriented, high-level programming language. Python is relatively easier to learn than other programming languages. It is not only used for web development but also in several other areas, such as data science, ethical hacking, machine learning, etc. The first version of Python was made public on 20th February 1991. Python was developed by Guido van Rossum. Today, it is soaring in popularity and usage with time.
The salaries offered to Python developers all across the world are also fascinating. Depending upon the qualifications and experience of the developer, salaries in India may range from about ₹2 lakhs per annum to about ₹8 lakhs per annum. The average salary of a Python developer is about ₹5.5 lakhs per annum. Furthermore, several reputed companies are offering amazing job positions for Python developers including TCS, Wipro, Accenture, Infosys, and IBM. In addition to all these, there are also numerous freelancing opportunities in this field. Therefore, learning web development using Python is highly beneficial, and popular at the same time.
With the field of Web development rapidly expanding, it is important to have certain skill sets which are sustainable and probable to grow in the future. Python is exactly that skill set. Not only does it suffice as a language for full-stack web development, Python independently sustains the areas of Data Science and machine learning. It is thus extremely important to learn Python in today’s day and age. Python opens numerous career opportunities, as well as job opportunities, compared to other programming languages. Additionally, its use in the IT sector is ever-increasing, just as it is soaring to the top of the charts in terms of the most used programming languages throughout the world.
Web Development with Python
A Python developer is a web developer who develops and implements projects using the python programming language. Moreover, the popularity of Python is skyrocketing with time. It also has great community support. Numerous companies such as YouTube, Google, NASA, IBM, and Netflix use Python programming across their platform.
Through this article, we will explore the most efficient and conducive pathway to learning web development using Python.
One can also learn Python frameworks, such as PyScript, which is a frontend framework. It was announced at the PyCon 2022. We can use it for creating browser applications using a combination of HTML and Python. Furthermore, Pyscript has great potential to be one of the most essential tools required for creating web applications.
Python is highly popular as a backend language. First, one must learn the Python programming language. The next important step is to learn the relevant Python frameworks. Python primarily has two important frameworks, commonly for web development, namely Django and Flask.
Flask is a microframework of Python. It is comparatively easier to learn since it does not require any particular library or tool. Flask houses an inbuilt debugger and development server. It has been used by numerous companies including Reddit and Netflix. However, it requires sophisticated maintenance and offers minimal community support.
Django is another Python framework. It is free, open-source, and comparatively tougher to learn. However, it is used more widely compared to Flask. It opens a much larger catalog of opportunities for a developer. Notably, even NASA has used the Django framework in some of its projects. Django may seem a bit overwhelming in the beginning but gets easier with time, and usage.
It is sometimes recommended to learn Flask as a beginner and then move on to Django. This minimally eases the learning process of Django. However, one should preferably have a good understanding of both frameworks for a successful Python web development career.
Additionally, web developers must also learn database technologies, which will aid them in the applications and projects they build and undertake. Some of the major databases to acquire knowledge of, as a Python developer include MongoDB, Sqlite3, MySQL, and PostgreSQL.
SQLite is the most frequently used database for python web development. It does not require you to download additional database modules, unlike other databases. However, the popularity and use of MySQL and Oracle databases are also increasing with time.
How to learn Python as a beginner?
For learning Python, one can easily compare and select from several courses available online. Some of the best Python courses are offered by freecodecamp, Codedamn (Python courses), Harvard, MIT OpenCourseWare, etc.
One must practice coding daily. At the same time, it is also important to join a like-minded community of Python learners and enthusiasts like PythonistaCafe.
It is additionally important to start making projects, as they help to revise the concepts, and build a solid grasp of the language.
Furthermore, one can start contributing to open-source projects. These are projects which have their source code available online for free. It helps to perceive problems from other developers’ perspectives. At the same time, it adds to one’s learning and a better understanding of the language. Contributing to open source also helps a developer to get familiar with feedback and improve connections with other developers.
Python code is easy to interpret, and hence the language is easy to learn. Furthermore, the pathway to becoming a full-stack Python developer is pretty straightforward. One needs to master frontend, and backend, and have a good knowledge of a few databases. Django is one of the most important Python frameworks. It is a major factor in acquiring a good job as a Python developer. Once someone has rigorously and passionately followed this complete guide to web development with Python, they can strengthen their interview preparation and apply for jobs. There are numerous job opportunities for Python developers to apply, find great careers, and ensure themselves a sustainable future.
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