Future of Frontend Web Development – Is it worth it?
Frontend development has advanced significantly in the previous decade. Creating a frontend web application is no longer as simple as it once was. There are several frontend frameworks and libraries available nowadays.
A framework is a tool that enforces specific design patterns and guidelines for developing reliable applications. It offers a collection of tools and utilities that make it possible to create a reliable and consistent large-scale application more quickly than if we had to start from scratch.
Frontend development is expanding quickly, primarily because of the development of open-source tools, frameworks, and libraries.
In this post, we’ll examine how modern frontend frameworks evolved to reach this level of sophistication. We’ll also discuss how certain companies, like Vercel, are simplifying the deployment of frontend web apps.
jQuery was released in 2006. It is a collection of various utilities that attempt to simplify the development process of frontend web applications. One of the major areas in which jQuery excels is managing browser incompatibilities. Additionally, it made working with
XMLHTTPRequest extremely simple and straightforward.
jQuery allowed developers to implement features much faster than before. The most notable feature of jQuery was its universal selector
$. It made selecting and performing various operations on the DOM elements very simple.
It was a well-loved library. Although its use slowly decreased since it was not easy to maintain the codebase as the application size grew. However, people still use jQuery for small to medium-sized projects.
What is MVC architecture?
MVC stands for Model-view-controller (MVC). It is a design pattern in which we divide the application into three independent components: the Model, View, and Controller. Each of these components has its responsibilities.
The Model contains the core logic of the application. It defines how data is stored, retrieved, modified, etc. The View is the actual UI that the end user (or client) sees. And the Controller works as a link between the Model and the View. Its primary purpose is to transfer data between the Model and the View. Simply said, it works as a communication channel between the Model and the View.
It has a concept of observables. The primary purpose of observables is to establish communication between various components in our application. We bind the UI components to some observables, and whenever there is a change in the data, it was reflected in the UI, and vice-versa.
Like Backbone.js, Angular.js was also announced in the year 2010. It is considered one of the most influential frontend frameworks. The approach Angular.js takes still inspires many new frameworks. Like other frameworks of this category, it also follows the MVC architectural pattern. Unlike other frameworks such as Backbone.js, Knockout.js, etc., it made connecting the DOM and the data very simple. Looking at its success, Google adopted the framework.
To improve AngularJS, the team updated the framework and renamed it to Angular 2. Due to compatibility issues, this updated version could not be used with AngularJS. Migrating to Angular 2 was quite difficult. As a result, its usage decreased over time.
One of the most critical components of React.js is the Reconciler. It is a diffing algorithm that React.js uses to compare two Virtual DOMs, and only the required modifications are applied to the browser DOM.
Vue.js is one of the most loved frameworks of today. It has got around 200K stars on Github and relies entirely on the open-source community for its development and maintenance. Evan you initially developed it, and he announced it as open-source software in 2014.
It uses the observer pattern to bind data with the UI. As a result, it supports two-way data binding with the UI. Whenever some change is made in the data, the UI re-renders to incorporate the latest changes. Also, on changing the UI, the data changes, and everything remains in sync.
In short, Svelte is a fantastic experience that definitely deserves its popularity and love.
What is Server Side Rendering (SSR)?
Server-side rendering is the most popular way of showing information on the screen. It operates by transforming HTML files on the server into data that the browser can use.
The best thing is that server-side rendering is excellent for SEO. Search engines can easily index and crawl your material since it is already there before you ever get it. Another benefit of server-side rendering is the faster initial page load.
Gatsby is a React-based framework that helps developers create high-performance websites and apps. Simply said, Gatsby is a static site generator using React.
Remix.js is a server-side rendering React framework (SSR). It implies that a single Remix project may create both the backend and the front end. Unlike vanilla React, which collects data on the front end and renders it on the screen, Remix retrieves data on the backend and immediately feeds the HTML to the user.
Since both Remix and Next.js offer SSR, there doesn’t seem to be much difference between them at first sight. However, Remix mainly focuses on SSR, while Next.js provides SSG and other fantastic technologies.
Most frontend frameworks have achieved a stable stage and are undergoing additional tuning to boost speed and developer friendliness. A new generation of lightweight, high-performance frameworks will emerge shortly.
Various frameworks are in the works. These technologies can bring a new age of frontend development. Let us go through a couple of them.
Astro was released in 2021. It has a concept of partial hydration. Using partial hydration, we can use any framework of choice to build our frontend web application. Partial hydration is one of the reasons why we often term Astro as a “Bring Your Own Framework” (BYOF).
Hosting platforms: Vercel
The deployment of frontend web apps has become so simple, thanks to companies like Vercel. It’s no longer necessary to spend hours configuring your servers. With frontend hosting solutions like Vercel, we can launch our frontend web application in a matter of clicks.
Vercel has several benefits over other hosting systems, including:
- Free domain name: Vercel offers personalized domains for deploying your work on a live server.
- Automatic Deployments: Vercel automatically deploys updates to the server whenever we push changes to the production branch.
- Serverless Functions: Vercel allows us to manage functions or APIs without hosting them on any servers. The functions are essentially serverless and are hosted nowhere.
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